To   meet    country's    growing   demand    for coal, foreign   collaboration   with the    advanced   coal producing countries are considered for:

·        Bringing   in   new    technologies both in underground and opencast sectors for efficient management in the coal industry and skill development and training etc.

Seeking   bilateral funds   for import   of   equipment, which are not manufactured in the country.


Bringing   foreign   financial assistance   to meet the investment requirement.


Keeping   these    objectives in view, Joint Working Group on coal had been set up with France, Germany, Russia, Canada, Australia and China. Department of Coal is also the nodal Department for the Joint Commission with Poland.    The   priority   areas, inter-alia, include acquisition of modern underground mining technology, introduction    of   high   productive    opencast   mining technology, working underground in difficult geological conditions, fire control and mine safety.  Training of        Indian   personnel    as   well as assimilation of the technology are an important consideration.  With the liberalization of the economy, greater thrust is being given to get the foreign investments /assistance on the basis of cost competitiveness.


The latest policy pursued by CIL is to encourage technology up gradation through Global Tender.  Bilateral co-operation, although limited, continues to play an important role for search of new technologies and process improvement.  Global tender approach has been used towards introduction of high productivity Continuous Miners at SECL and WCL. Bilateral co-operation mode has been adopted for the introduction of PSLW mining at 3 mines in SECL.



The meeting of Indo-Canada Working Group on Coal was held in Canada during 24th –30th June, 2003. Indian delegation led by the then JS&FA and CMD, ECL discussed over Rajmahal Expansion Project of ECL during the meeting.


France has developed expertise in thick seam underground mining with the introduction of advance technologies like Blasting Galleries and Longwall Sub-level Caving.  It has assisted India in introduction of blasting gallery method at East Katras (Bharat Coking Coal Limited) and Chora (Eastern Coalfields Limited).   France has also assisted in the introduction of sub-level caving technology at East Katras mine of Bharat Coking Coal Limited.  France had also cooperated in the introduction of high face long wall mining technology in Kottadih Project of ECL.  GDK-10 (Block B) and GDK-8 incline projects in SCL were taken up for introducing blasting gallery technology in collaboration with France.  These two projects have already been completed.  SCCL has signed another contract for introducing Blasting Gallery method at VK-7 project.

            In order to strengthen the cooperation between two countries and broaden the scope of cooperation especially in coal industry, a Joint Working Group on coal was constituted, which used to meet annually to address the various problems covering bilateral cooperation.  In view of the declining cooperation with France in the field of coal, it has been decided to merge this Working Group with the proposed Working Group on Energy.  Three meetings of Working Group on Energy have so far been held and the last meeting of the Working Group on Energy was held on 14th November, 2002 in New Delhi.

            The 4th  joint meeting of Indo-French Working Group was held from 7th to 9th  April, 2004 at Paris  in France.  The delegation was led by Secretary (Power)  in which Department of coal was  represented by Joint Secretary ( Coal).   The following issues were taken up in the joint   meeting of working  group

i)                     Power

ii)                    Petroleum, Gas & Liquified Natural  Gas

iii)                  Security of  big Hydel    Power dams.

iv)                  Renewable energy : rural  electrification, geothermal energy.

v)                   Energy efficiency : clean development mechanism.

vi)                  Process of fly ash.



In   January, 1997   an    Indo-British   Coal  Forum (IBCF) was   established  to  foster  greater  cooperation  between the  two   countries  in  coal  sector.  The Forum  provides  a  platform  for   mutual   consultations   and  cooperation  between  the  coal  industries  of  both the  countries under the auspices of the Govt.  of  the  India  and U.K..  The activities which are envisaged under the  MOU   include  sharing  of  latest  know-how    technology,  organization  of  meetings  for  exchange of information, identification of suitable projects as well as methods of   funding, introduction of compatible technology  for  more efficient   management  in  Indian Coal Industry and skill  development etc.   Ten meetings have been held  till  now  in pursuance of these objectives. Tenth meeting of IBCF was held on 6-7th November, 2003 at New Delhi.   As a follow-up of decisions taken in the meeting held on 6-7th November, 2003, an Inward Mission from Indian side visited UK in April, 2004.    Apart from underground mining technologies, issues on stabilization of seams on fire, restoration and reclamation were discussed by the Mission.   The report of the Inward Mining Mission is under finalization.



Prior to January 14, 2004, Ministry of Coal was acting as the nodal Ministry   for Indo-Polish  Joint  Commission  on Economic,  Trade,  Scientific and   Technical  Cooperation.  The last meeting   (14th) of the Joint Commission was held in January, 1996. The Commission has 4 sub-committee on (1) Coal Mining and  power  (2)  Trade  (3)  Industry  and  (4)  Science    and  Technology.

The   Projects    which   were   taken up earlier in the coal  sector with Poland have  since  been  completed. The   Polish  Coal  Industry  has  offered  their  expertise in   underground mining, Washery construction,   Thermal  Power  Generation, mine    safety  and  rescue.     For  furthering  Indo-Polish Cooperation  in  the coal  sector,   it  was  decided  by   both sides to form a  Working Group for coal sector. Two    meetings  of   the  Indo-Polish Working Group  on Coal have so far been held and last meeting was held on 3-4th September, 2002 in New Delhi, India.  

Ministry of External Affairs vide their D.O.No.184/FS/2004 dated January 14, 2004 has designated Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion) as nodal agency for Indo-Polish Joint Commission for Economic, Trade, Scientific and Technical Cooperation from Indian side.   A Review Meeting prior to the 15th Session of the Joint Commission was held in Warsaw, Poland from 21st-23rd April, 2004.   The Department of Coal was represented by Director(ASO) as Chairman of the Sub-Group on Coal, Mines & Power.   Report in this regard is awaited.






                 The 5th  meeting of the Working Group on Mines & Metallurgy was held in Moscow on 8-9  October, 2009.   The salient features of the meeting are:-

    • Indian side informed about interest of Indian companies in securing coking and thermal coal deposits in Russia as well as in securing access to frontline technologies in this area. Russian side requested Indian side to send specific information on volume demand and qualitative requirement of coal as well as interest of Indian investors in participating in coal projects in Russia.

    • M/s. Zarubezhaugol has expressed their interest to continue work on the Indian investments into the coal industry of Russia and also expressed their interest in export of non-coking and coking coal.

    • Both sides noted the interest of the Russian and Indian companies in cooperation and expansion in the coal industry and agreed to support prospective projects in this sphere.

    • M/s. Zarubezhugol, M/s. Giprosphakht and other Russian organizations have expressed interest in participation in tenders for performance of works on designing, building new and reconstruction of the operating coal enterprises, deliveries of the mountain-mine and mountain-transport equipment and spare parts

    • The Russian side requested Indian side to provide the updated expansion plan of Indian coal industry in order to give a definitive direction.

    • Russian side conveyed that M/s Zarubezhaugol and other Russian scientific and research institutions are ready to participate in the design works on a contract basis of Indian research and project institutes, working in sphere of the coal industry.

    • Giproshakht and VNIMI have requested the Indian side to expedite the signing of Memorandum on Cooperation between Giprosphakht and VNIMI with CMPDIL.

    • The Working Group noted the readiness of Zarubezhugol and Giproshakht to train the Indian experts on a contract basis in the research and design institutes on modern technologies of designing of coal (underground and coal open-pit mining), designing and manufacture of the modern mountain-mine equipment, for acquaintance with modern technologies for both OC and OG mining.

      Ministry of Coal forwarded a copy of Protocol of the above meeting and the same was communicated to the subsidiary companies for sending ATR for transmission the same to MOC.  The Action Taken Report was subsequently  transmitted to this Ministry.


Ministry of Coal vide letter No.14020/4/2010-CPAM, dated 11.8.2010 forwarded a copy of latter dated 28,.07.2010 from Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Department of Commerce, Govt. of India informing that in the 7th Session of India-Kazakhstan Inter-Governmental Commission it was decided to set up Joint working Group on Trade and Economic Cooperation with a view to working out strategies for promoting bilateral commercial and economic cooperation. The India-Kazakhstan WJWG has been set up under the Co-Chairmanship of Joint Secretary (FT-CIS), Ministry of commerce & Industry, Department of commerce, from Indian side.

The Department of Commerce has proposed to the Kazakh side to hold the 1st meeting of India-Kazakhstan JWG in November, 2010 and requested Coal India Limited to furnish the following information:-

  • Items proposed to be included in the discussions during the 1st meeting of India-Kazakhstan JWG.
  • Draft Para to be included in the suggested protocol of the 1st meeting of India-Kazakhstan JWG.

Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL) has informed that they  have not any specific comments pertaining to the aforesaid meeting . However, CMPDI is already providing consultancy services in the field of mining and allied engineering services to CIL and outside organization. CMPDIL and CIL can collaborate on mutually identified areas in coal mining with Kazakhstan, in future.



 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for co-operation for development of coal mining in Mozambique exists between Govt. of India and Govt. of Mozambique.


2nd meeting of Indo-Mozambique Joint Working Group was held in New Delhi on 30th March, 2009. In the meeting CIL made 2 presentations. The first one elaborated the core competence of CIL in the field of exploration, mine planning and mining, CIL’s offer in the areas of Rehabilitation and Resettlement, Corporate Social Responsibility, Community Development etc. in Mozambique. The second presentation explained, in details, the progress in bilateral cooperation between two countries since the first JWG meeting held in Maputo in May, 2006. The presentation also covered many aspects of cooperation including training to be offered to concerned people of Mozambique.


           The Mozambique delegation under the leadership of Mr. Obete Francisco Matine also visited Nigahi OCP and CHP, Bina CPP of NCL, NCL hospital, CETI Singrauli and Community Development Sites, Tree plantation etc. from 1st April to  3rd April, 2009.


           Initiatives have been undertaken by CIL through Ministry of Coal to acquire coal concessions in Mozambique. CIL has emerged as the successful bidder in the global tender process run by Govt. of Mozambique, for allocation of prospecting licenses for coal concessions in Mozambique. CIL has been awarded prospecting license for two coal concessions in Mozambique. CIL will shortly undertake the activities of exploration and formation of a company in Mozambique.


            Further, to promote Indian interest in Mozambique, Govt. of India is considering approval of sovereign fund for development to Apex Planning Organization (APO) and Apex Training Organization (ATO) to look after scientific mine planning in coal projects in Mozambique as well as train people in different aspects of coal mining.



 The Indo-German Working Group on coal has been meeting regularly and alternatively in Germany and in India.  The 17th meeting of the Indo-German Working Group on Coal, constituted under the auspices of the German-Indian Joint Commission for Industrial Economic Cooperation, was held in Kolkata on 7th November, 2008.  After detailed discussions, following areas were identified to strengthen the working group cooperation efforts


a)                                           Developing technology, essential for deep shaft sinking for

            extraction of deep seated coal.

b)                                           Technology for hard group management in coal mines.

c)                                           Establishing techniques to assess and extract Coal Bed

            Methane(CBM)/Coal Mine Methane (CMM).

d)        Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) for coal resources at

            greater depth/isolated deposits.

            e)         3D seismic survey with borehole imaging  system.

            f)          Ventilation Air Methane (VAM) – mitigation and utilization of

                        Indian Mining scenario.

g)                  In Seam seismic survey for underground coal mining operation.

h)                  Joint Venture for mining abroad with technological cooperation from Germany.

i)                    Cooperation in capacity building specially in underground mines.

j)                    High pressure water jet technology for extinguishing mine fire and excavation.

k)                  Exchange of expertise in coal mine safety, technology and equipment through training, seminar, workshop etc.


It was agreed that the next meeting of the Working Group will be held in April, 2010 at Munich, Germany.






 The 5th Australia-India Joint Working Group on Energy and Minerals was held on 12-3 July, 2007 at Canberra, Australia.  Australia outlined the importance of coal as an export commodity and a major source of low cost power generation.  Both delegations highlighted the outcomes of the Australia-India Coal and Mining Forum held in February, 2006 in India and the collaborative activity which has occurred since.  Australia presented the findings of the Minerals Council of Australia (MCA) and Federation of Indian Mineral Industries joint report on trade, investment and regulatory issues impeding two-way trade and investment including :


  • Indian companies report no significant barriers or constraints to trade and investment into Australia apart from shortages of skilled labour and some minerals inputs ;
  • Significant impediments remain for trade and investment in India, particularly high WTO bindings for tariffs on many products, onerous requirements on foreign companies with existing or former joint ventures in the Indian market.
  • Delays and unpredictable costs due to the actions of sub-national governments and high costs associated with inefficient customs clearance systems.


Australia and India agreed to support further work to develop industry collaboration on mining technology services and equipment and export opportunities – under the framework of the Australia-India Resources Strategy and/or as part of a broader Asia Pacific Partnership strategy in relation to sustainable use of fossil fuels. 




            An MoU on “Action Plan for Indo-Australian collaboration on the Coal Sector” was signed on 5th November, 2008 between Ministry of Coal and Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (Australia).  The main objectives of the Action Plan are to enhance opportunities in two way trade and investments; increase bilateral cooperation and collaboration in the coal sector, including mining services; identify and address barriers to trade ad investment opportunities.


            The key areas that this Action Plan will focus upon are :


·        Mining Technology Services

·        Underground Coal Mining

·        Underground Coal Gasification

·        Coal to Liquid Technologies

·        Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Technologies

·        Coal Washeries

·        Abandoned Coal Mine Rehabilitation

·        Sustainable Mining Practices

·        Skilling, Training and Capacity Building


The activities envisaged under this Action Plan in the year 2008-09 are :


·        Encouragement of two-way visits and promotion of information exchanges by Ministers, senior officials, industry delegations, scientists and researchers working on the coal sector.

·        Continued Bi-lateral collaboration on existing projects under the Asia Pacific Partnership on clean development and climate, coal mining task force.

·        Follow-up conference to the bi-lateral Coal and Mining Conference held in February, 2006 and encouragement of attendance at other premier coal related conference in India and Australia.


The 6th Meeting of the India-Australia Joint Working Group on Energy and Minerals was held on 17th March, 2009 in New Delhi. 


The Joint Working Group meeting discussed :


·        Recent trade and Investment developments

·        The implications of the global financial crisis on the resources and energy sectors

·        Recent energy and mineral policy developments


The Joint Working Group agreed to activities in 2009-11 under the Action Plan signed between Australia and India in November, 2008.




9th meeting of the Indo-China Joint Working Group on Coal held during 9th 11th  February 2004 in India (New Delhi). Chinese delegation was led by Mr. Zhao Tiechui, Deputy Administrator of State of Administration of Work Safety (SWAS) State Administration of Coal  Mines Safety (SACCS), PR China and Indian delegation led by Dr. P.K.Mishra, Secretary (Coal) and the following bilateral issues/projects were discussed in the meeting. 

1.                   BCCL -Moonidih project-Seam RXVI Top.

2.                   Jhanjra project of ECL.

3.                   Performance of existing Longwall faces at SECL.

4.                   Co-manufacturing of spares in India.

5.                   Spare parts catalogue & price list.

6.                   Short Longwall equipment for Balrampur project of SECL.

7.                   The strengthening of the power support of three Longwall projects at SECL.

8.                   Foreclosure of Deferred Guarantee Payment issued by SBI to CMEI&E towards 3 sets of Longwall equipment of SECL.

9.                   Hard Roof management techniques of Churcha west mine of SECL.

10.               Development of opencast mine in China with co-operation from Indian side.

11.               Re-training and Rehabilitation of mine workers.

12.               Resin capsule manufacturing.

13.               Madhuban project( BCCL).

14.               Co-manufacturing of spare parts.

15.               Short supply of spares.

16.               Joint review on status of Longwalls supplied by CME.

17.               Extraction of pillars developed by Board and pillar by Longwall equipment.

18.               Longwall mining in deep seated reserves.

19.               Extraction of deep seated and coastal lignite deposits by hydro excavation technology.

20.               Latest reconditioning technique to improve the life of reconditioned belt from 50% to 80% of new one.

21.               Method of Fly Ash Utilization from lignite based thermal Power stations.

22.               Extraction and utilization of Lignite Bed Methane.

23.               Method of Marcasite segregation from RCM Lignite. 


      A 14 member Chinese delegation led by Mr. Hou Shenjian, Vice President of China National Administration of Coal Geology visited Ministry of Coal on 27th October, 2005.  Secretary (Coal) met the delegation and briefly interacted with members, followed by  formal presentation on coal sector in India by Shri S. Chaudhury, Chairman-cum-Managing Director, CMPDIL.  After presentation covering areas like coal exploration, demand and supply, emerging importance of coal as primary fuel source etc. both sides interacted and exchanged information relating to coal production, technology, prospecting, exploration etc.  Useful information was exchanged in general and inputs obtained would be useful in future interaction/exchange.  First Secretary Mr. Cao Jianru of Chinese Embassy was also present during the visit of the delegation to the Ministry.

The 10th meeting of the Indo-China Joint Working Group on Coal was held during 10th – 11th November 2005 in Shanghai, PR China. Indian delegation was led by Shri P.C. Parakh, Secretary (Coal) and Chinese delegation was led by Mr. Zhao Tiechui, Administrator of State of Administration of Work Safety (SWAS) State Administration of Coal Mines Safety (SACCS), PR China. The following areas were discussed in the meeting.  

1.                   Exchange of coal mining technology, equipments and coal mine safety.

2.                   Cooperation in Coal Bed Methane, Underground Coal gasification and Coal liquefaction.

3.                   Cooperation in capacity building.

4.                   Promotion of investment opportunities.

5.                   Retraining and rehabilitation of mining workers.


The 8th Task Force meeting of Sino-India Joint Working Group on Coal was also held on 11.11.05 in Shanghai, PR China. Shri K.S. Kropha, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Coal led the team. 



Indo-US Coal Advisory Group (CAG) was constituted vide letter no. 14020/1/99-CPD dated 21st June,  2001.

The first meeting of this Indo-US CAG was held at Kolkata between April 2nd to 5th, 2002 where it was, interalia, decided that potential specific sites and other relevant background information could be provided by the Indian side for computing software for mine planning and operation management, a proposal on mine waste/reject utilisation could also be considered, along with support on a joint US-India demonstration project on selective mining and improved coal sampling processes as per standard US experiences.

The second meeting of the Indo-US CAG was held at Washington DC between April 2nd to 7th, 2003 and the following areas of bilateral co-operation were agreed upon:

Waste coal utilisation where a preliminary feasibility report for a specific project dealing with mine waste and/or washery rejects would be prepared by the Indian side, with US side proving an example to facilitate the process and later running test samples from India for utilisation potential.


Mine planning and operation management where the US side would try to identify high level mine planning and designed and operation planning software for use in Indian mines so that existing software in India example MINEX and SURPAC were upgraded.

·        Selective mining involving multi agency initiative to obtain support for implementing a selective mining demonstration project in India.

Subsequently, an MOU was also signed between the Ministry of Coal and the Department of Energy of the US on Energy Consultations and Information Exchange.  The areas of consultation and information exchange includes:

Coal Science with emphasis on projection, combustion, coal structure and related chemical and thermo physical properties.


Process modelling for advanced fossil related technology.


Impact on boilers by the use of variable ash      content control including high ash content.

Coal cleaning, grinding and preparation for utilisation.

Status of fuel combustion projects including cleanup and environmental effects.

Dialogue on these issues is continuing.



A Working Group was constituted on 3rd March, 2003   Chaired by the  Secretary, Ministry of Coal, Govt. of India with  Director General (Coal & Mines) Republic of South Africa as Co-Chairman.

 The following areas were identified for co operation by the visiting South Africa delegation in August, 2002.

Mechanisation in Bord and Pillar System of Mining.

Beneficiation of Coal

Technology for conversion from coal to oil.


Govt. of South Africa has been requested for an early convenient date and place for the meeting of the Working Group of Coal between the two countries. Response is awaited.



Cooperation with Belarus




Ministry of Coal and Chairman, Coal India Limited visited Belarus in the month of Jun, 2011 and requested them to participate in the tenders for supply of HEMM as and when invited by CIL.

A note covering the current status of cooperation in coal sector between India and Belarus and proposed suggestions for further cooperation in coal sector likely to be discussed in 5th Session of India-Belarus Inter-Government Commission for Economic, Trade, Industrial Scientific, Technological & Cultural Cooperation is under consideration.





A brief on Indo-EU Energy Panel

The India-EU Energy Panel was constituted as a follow up of a decision taken at the 5th India-EU Summit held in Hague in November 2004.  The First Meeting of India-EU Energy Panel was held in Brussels on 29th June 2005 in which emerging energy scenario and future prospects for development of the fuel chains and key priorities for cooperation were discussed.  The Panel decided to set up working groups in the following areas:

Coal and clean coal conversion technologies

Energy efficiency and renewable energies

Fusion energy including India’s participation in

International Thermo nuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project.


As a follow up of the decisions made by the Panel, the Working Group on Coal and Clean technologies met on 22nd March 2006 in New Delhi and discussed about the possible areas of cooperation.  Both sides acknowledged the increasing importance of energy in the international policy formulation with particular reference to security of supply and sustainability.  It was also agreed that coal will continue to be important element in energy supply of both India and EU and will continue to be so in medium to long term.  The following areas were presented for consideration for cooperation from the Indian side.

i)                     Capacity creation in resource assessment of CBM/CMM/AMM

ii)                    In-situ coal gasification

iii)                  Coal beneficiation for coking and thermal coals for

iv)                  Development of mining methods for steep and thick seam working


It was agreed that the representation in the Working Group should be enlarged to include more holders from both sides and it was clear that industry to industry co-operation would have to form an integral part of future activities.  It was agreed that the next meeting would be arranged for later this year at a mutually agreeable time.


Cooperation with Japan



  • Clean Coal technology: The Japan Coal Energy Centre has been undertaking Clean Coal Technology Transfer Project on Coal preparation technology in India. Clean Coal Technology Transfer Project is implemented by J(COAL) under the support of Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI). J(COAL) commenced this Project in 1996.  More than 100 Indian experts and managers were invited to Japan for CCT training in Japan by the end of FY 2010.  In the financial year 2011, METI decided to continue the Project in the area of coal preparation technology to improve plant efficiency and reduce pollutant discharge in coal fired power plant in India.


  • A Green Aid Plan is jointly being promoted by the Ministry of Economy, Trade & Industry of Japan and the Ministry of Finance, Govt. of India to support the self help efforts of India in resolving its energy and environment related difficulties.  This is accomplished by demonstration of a Japanese coal washing technology that consists of a Vari-Wave jig system and an auto reject control system adjacent to the coal mine. The project is partially being funded by NEDO, Japan through METI.. M.s. Monnet Ispat Energy  Limited has been identified for implementation of the project.

An MOU has been signed between MoC, NEDO and Monnet Ispat & Energy  Limited,  India in this regard and the project is under implementation.

  • Under the India-Japan Energy dialogue a Joint working Group on coal has been set up and following areas have seen proposed for technical cooperation:-


    • Development of integrated underground communications system,
    • Instrumentation for monitoring of mine gases and fires,
    • Detection of partings between adjoining water – logged unapproachable workings,
    • Rescue equipment and operations,
    • Underground coal gasification,
    • Utilization of coal sludge produced in washeries,
    • Extension of CCT training programmes