To meet country's growing demand for coal, foreign collaboration with the advanced coal producing countries are considered for:
· Bringing in new technologies both in underground and opencast sectors for efficient management in the coal industry and skill development and training etc.
Seeking bilateral funds for import of equipment, which are not manufactured in the country.
Bringing foreign financial assistance to meet the investment requirement.
Keeping these objectives in view, Joint Working Group on coal had been set up with
France, Germany, Russia, Canada, Australiaand . Department of Coal is also the nodal Department for the Joint Commission with China . The priority areas, inter-alia, include acquisition of modern underground mining technology, introduction of high productive opencast mining technology, working underground in difficult geological conditions, fire control and mine safety. Training of Indian personnel as well as assimilation of the technology are an important consideration. With the liberalization of the economy, greater thrust is being given to get the foreign investments /assistance on the basis of cost competitiveness. Poland
The latest policy pursued by CIL is to encourage technology up gradation through Global Tender. Bilateral co-operation, although limited, continues to play an important role for search of new technologies and process improvement. Global tender approach has been used towards introduction of high productivity Continuous Miners at SECL and WCL. Bilateral co-operation mode has been adopted for the introduction of PSLW mining at 3 mines in SECL.
The meeting of Indo-Canada Working Group on Coal was held in
during 24th –30th June, 2003. Indian delegation led by the then JS&FA and CMD, ECL discussed over Rajmahal Expansion Project of ECL during the meeting. Canada
has developed expertise in thick seam underground mining with the introduction of advance technologies like Blasting Galleries and Longwall Sub-level Caving. It has assisted France Indiain introduction of blasting gallery method at East Katras(Bharat Coking Coal Limited) and Chora (Eastern Coalfields Limited). Francehas also assisted in the introduction of sub-level caving technology at East Katrasmine of Bharat Coking Coal Limited. had also cooperated in the introduction of high face long wall mining technology in Kottadih Project of ECL. GDK-10 (Block B) and GDK-8 incline projects in SCL were taken up for introducing blasting gallery technology in collaboration with France . These two projects have already been completed. SCCL has signed another contract for introducing Blasting Gallery method at VK-7 project. France
In order to strengthen the cooperation between two countries and broaden the scope of cooperation especially in coal industry, a Joint Working Group on coal was constituted, which used to meet annually to address the various problems covering bilateral cooperation. In view of the declining cooperation with
in the field of coal, it has been decided to merge this Working Group with the proposed Working Group on Energy. Three meetings of Working Group on Energy have so far been held and the last meeting of the Working Group on Energy was held on 14th November, 2002 in France . New Delhi
The 4th joint meeting of Indo-French Working Group was held from 7th to 9th April, 2004 at
Parisin . The delegation was led by Secretary (Power) in which Department of coal was represented by Joint Secretary ( Coal). The following issues were taken up in the joint meeting of working group France
ii) Petroleum, Gas & Liquified Natural Gas
iii) Security of big Hydel Power dams.
iv) Renewable energy : rural electrification, geothermal energy.
v) Energy efficiency : clean development mechanism.
vi) Process of fly ash.
In January, 1997 an Indo-British Coal Forum (IBCF) was established to foster greater cooperation between the two countries in coal sector. The Forum provides a platform for mutual consultations and cooperation between the coal industries of both the countries under the auspices of the Govt. of the
Indiaand . The activities which are envisaged under the MOU include sharing of latest know-how technology, organization of meetings for exchange of information, identification of suitable projects as well as methods of funding, introduction of compatible technology for more efficient management in Indian Coal Industry and skill development etc. Ten meetings have been held till now in pursuance of these objectives. Tenth meeting of IBCF was held on 6-7th November, 2003 at U.K. . As a follow-up of decisions taken in the meeting held on 6-7th November, 2003, an Inward Mission from Indian side visited New Delhi in April, 2004. Apart from underground mining technologies, issues on stabilization of seams on fire, restoration and reclamation were discussed by the UK . The report of the Inward Mining Mission is under finalization. Mission
Prior to January 14, 2004, Ministry of Coal was acting as the nodal Ministry for Indo-Polish Joint Commission on Economic, Trade, Scientific and Technical Cooperation. The last meeting (14th) of the Joint Commission was held in January, 1996. The Commission has 4 sub-committee on (1) Coal Mining and power (2) Trade (3) Industry and (4) Science and Technology.
The Projects which were taken up earlier in the coal sector with
have since been completed. The Polish Coal Industry has offered their expertise in underground mining, Washery construction, Thermal Power Generation, mine safety and rescue. For furthering Indo-Polish Cooperation in the coal sector, it was decided by both sides to form a Working Group for coal sector. Two meetings of the Indo-Polish Working Group on Coal have so far been held and last meeting was held on 3-4th September, 2002 in Poland . New Delhi, India
Ministry of External Affairs vide their D.O.No.184/FS/2004 dated January 14, 2004 has designated Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion) as nodal agency for Indo-Polish Joint Commission for Economic, Trade, Scientific and Technical Cooperation from Indian side. A Review Meeting prior to the 15th Session of the Joint Commission was held in
from 21st-23rd April, 2004. The Department of Coal was represented by Director(ASO) as Chairman of the Sub-Group on Coal, Mines & Power. Report in this regard is awaited. Warsaw, Poland
CO-OPERATION WITH RUSSIA
The 5th meeting of the Working Group on Mines & Metallurgy was held in Moscow on 8-9 October, 2009. The salient features of the meeting are:-
Indian side informed about interest of Indian companies in securing coking and thermal coal deposits in Russia as well as in securing access to frontline technologies in this area. Russian side requested Indian side to send specific information on volume demand and qualitative requirement of coal as well as interest of Indian investors in participating in coal projects in Russia.
M/s. Zarubezhaugol has expressed their interest to continue work on the Indian investments into the coal industry of Russia and also expressed their interest in export of non-coking and coking coal.
Both sides noted the interest of the Russian and Indian companies in cooperation and expansion in the coal industry and agreed to support prospective projects in this sphere.
M/s. Zarubezhugol, M/s. Giprosphakht and other Russian organizations have expressed interest in participation in tenders for performance of works on designing, building new and reconstruction of the operating coal enterprises, deliveries of the mountain-mine and mountain-transport equipment and spare parts
The Russian side requested Indian side to provide the updated expansion plan of Indian coal industry in order to give a definitive direction.
Russian side conveyed that M/s Zarubezhaugol and other Russian scientific and research institutions are ready to participate in the design works on a contract basis of Indian research and project institutes, working in sphere of the coal industry.
Giproshakht and VNIMI have requested the Indian side to expedite the signing of Memorandum on Cooperation between Giprosphakht and VNIMI with CMPDIL.
The Working Group noted the readiness of Zarubezhugol and Giproshakht to train the Indian experts on a contract basis in the research and design institutes on modern technologies of designing of coal (underground and coal open-pit mining), designing and manufacture of the modern mountain-mine equipment, for acquaintance with modern technologies for both OC and OG mining.
Ministry of Coal forwarded a copy of Protocol of the above meeting and the same was communicated to the subsidiary companies for sending ATR for transmission the same to MOC. The Action Taken Report was subsequently transmitted to this Ministry.
Ministry of Coal vide letter No.14020/4/2010-CPAM, dated 11.8.2010 forwarded a copy of latter dated 28,.07.2010 from Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Department of Commerce, Govt. of India informing that in the 7th Session of India-Kazakhstan Inter-Governmental Commission it was decided to set up Joint working Group on Trade and Economic Cooperation with a view to working out strategies for promoting bilateral commercial and economic cooperation. The India-Kazakhstan WJWG has been set up under the Co-Chairmanship of Joint Secretary (FT-CIS), Ministry of commerce & Industry, Department of commerce, from Indian side.
The Department of Commerce has proposed to the Kazakh side to hold the 1st meeting of India-Kazakhstan JWG in November, 2010 and requested Coal India Limited to furnish the following information:-
- Items proposed to be included in the discussions during the 1st meeting of India-Kazakhstan JWG.
- Draft Para to be included in the suggested protocol of the 1st meeting of India-Kazakhstan JWG.
Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL) has informed that they have not any specific comments pertaining to the aforesaid meeting . However, CMPDI is already providing consultancy services in the field of mining and allied engineering services to CIL and outside organization. CMPDIL and CIL can collaborate on mutually identified areas in coal mining with Kazakhstan, in future.
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for co-operation for development of coal mining in
exists between Govt. of India and Govt. of Mozambique. Mozambique
2nd meeting of Indo-Mozambique Joint Working Group was held in
on 30th March, 2009. In the meeting CIL made 2 presentations. The first one elaborated the core competence of CIL in the field of exploration, mine planning and mining, CIL’s offer in the areas of Rehabilitation and Resettlement, Corporate Social Responsibility, Community Development etc. in New Delhi . The second presentation explained, in details, the progress in bilateral cooperation between two countries since the first JWG meeting held in Mozambique in May, 2006. The presentation also covered many aspects of cooperation including training to be offered to concerned people of Maputo . Mozambique
The Mozambique delegation under the leadership of Mr. Obete Francisco Matine also visited Nigahi OCP and CHP, Bina CPP of NCL, NCL hospital, CETI Singrauli and Community Development Sites, Tree plantation etc. from 1st April to 3rd April, 2009.
Initiatives have been undertaken by CIL through Ministry of Coal to acquire coal concessions in
. CIL has emerged as the successful bidder in the global tender process run by Govt. of Mozambique, for allocation of prospecting licenses for coal concessions in Mozambique . CIL has been awarded prospecting license for two coal concessions in Mozambique . CIL will shortly undertake the activities of exploration and formation of a company in Mozambique . Mozambique
Further, to promote Indian interest in Mozambique, Govt. of India is considering approval of sovereign fund for development to Apex Planning Organization (APO) and Apex Training Organization (ATO) to look after scientific mine planning in coal projects in Mozambique as well as train people in different aspects of coal mining.
The Indo-German Working Group on coal has been meeting regularly and alternatively in
Germanyand in . The 17th meeting of the Indo-German Working Group on Coal, constituted under the auspices of the German-Indian Joint Commission for Industrial Economic Cooperation, was held in Kolkata on 7th November, 2008. After detailed discussions, following areas were identified to strengthen the working group cooperation efforts India
a) Developing technology, essential for deep shaft sinking for
extraction of deep seated coal.
b) Technology for hard group management in coal mines.
c) Establishing techniques to assess and extract Coal Bed
Methane(CBM)/Coal Mine Methane (CMM).
d) Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) for coal resources at
greater depth/isolated deposits.
e) 3D seismic survey with borehole imaging system.
f) Ventilation Air Methane (VAM) – mitigation and utilization of
Indian Mining scenario.
g) In Seam seismic survey for underground coal mining operation.
h) Joint Venture for mining abroad with technological cooperation from
i) Cooperation in capacity building specially in underground mines.
j) High pressure water jet technology for extinguishing mine fire and excavation.
k) Exchange of expertise in coal mine safety, technology and equipment through training, seminar, workshop etc.
It was agreed that the next meeting of the Working Group will be held in April, 2010 at
. Munich, Germany
The 5th Australia-India Joint Working Group on Energy and Minerals was held on 12-3 July, 2007 at
. Canberra, Australia outlined the importance of coal as an export commodity and a major source of low cost power generation. Both delegations highlighted the outcomes of the Australia-India Coal and Mining Forum held in February, 2006 in Australia and the collaborative activity which has occurred since. Australia presented the findings of the Minerals Council of Australia (MCA) and Federation of Indian Mineral Industries joint report on trade, investment and regulatory issues impeding two-way trade and investment including : India
- Indian companies report no significant barriers or constraints to trade and investment into
apart from shortages of skilled labour and some minerals inputs ; Australia
- Significant impediments remain for trade and investment in
, particularly high WTO bindings for tariffs on many products, onerous requirements on foreign companies with existing or former joint ventures in the Indian market. India
- Delays and unpredictable costs due to the actions of sub-national governments and high costs associated with inefficient customs clearance systems.
Australiaand agreed to support further work to develop industry collaboration on mining technology services and equipment and export opportunities – under the framework of the Australia-India Resources Strategy and/or as part of a broader Asia Pacific Partnership strategy in relation to sustainable use of fossil fuels. India
An MoU on “Action Plan for Indo-Australian collaboration on the Coal Sector” was signed on 5th November, 2008 between Ministry of Coal and Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (
). The main objectives of the Action Plan are to enhance opportunities in two way trade and investments; increase bilateral cooperation and collaboration in the coal sector, including mining services; identify and address barriers to trade ad investment opportunities. Australia
The key areas that this Action Plan will focus upon are :
· Mining Technology Services
· Underground Coal Mining
· Underground Coal Gasification
· Coal to Liquid Technologies
· Coal Bed Methane (CBM) Technologies
· Coal Washeries
· Abandoned Coal Mine Rehabilitation
· Sustainable Mining Practices
· Skilling, Training and
The activities envisaged under this Action Plan in the year 2008-09 are :
· Encouragement of two-way visits and promotion of information exchanges by Ministers, senior officials, industry delegations, scientists and researchers working on the coal sector.
· Continued Bi-lateral collaboration on existing projects under the Asia Pacific Partnership on clean development and climate, coal mining task force.
· Follow-up conference to the bi-lateral Coal and Mining Conference held in February, 2006 and encouragement of attendance at other premier coal related conference in
Indiaand . Australia
The 6th Meeting of the India-Australia Joint Working Group on Energy and Minerals was held on 17th March, 2009 in
. New Delhi
The Joint Working Group meeting discussed :
· Recent trade and Investment developments
· The implications of the global financial crisis on the resources and energy sectors
· Recent energy and mineral policy developments
The Joint Working Group agreed to activities in 2009-11 under the Action Plan signed between
Australiaand in November, 2008. India
9th meeting of the Indo-China Joint Working Group on Coal held during 9th – 11th February 2004 in
India( ). Chinese delegation was led by Mr. Zhao Tiechui, Deputy Administrator of State of New Delhi of Work Safety (SWAS) State Administration of Coal Mines Safety (SACCS), PR China and Indian delegation led by Dr. P.K.Mishra, Secretary (Coal) and the following bilateral issues/projects were discussed in the meeting. Administration
1. BCCL -Moonidih project-Seam RXVI Top.
2. Jhanjra project of ECL.
3. Performance of existing Longwall faces at SECL.
4. Co-manufacturing of spares in
5. Spare parts catalogue & price list.
6. Short Longwall equipment for Balrampur project of SECL.
7. The strengthening of the power support of three Longwall projects at SECL.
8. Foreclosure of Deferred Guarantee Payment issued by SBI to CMEI&E towards 3 sets of Longwall equipment of SECL.
9. Hard Roof management techniques of Churcha west mine of SECL.
10. Development of opencast mine in
with co-operation from Indian side. China
11. Re-training and Rehabilitation of mine workers.
12. Resin capsule manufacturing.
13. Madhuban project( BCCL).
14. Co-manufacturing of spare parts.
15. Short supply of spares.
16. Joint review on status of Longwalls supplied by CME.
17. Extraction of pillars developed by Board and pillar by Longwall equipment.
18. Longwall mining in deep seated reserves.
19. Extraction of deep seated and coastal lignite deposits by hydro excavation technology.
20. Latest reconditioning technique to improve the life of reconditioned belt from 50% to 80% of new one.
21. Method of Fly Ash Utilization from lignite based thermal Power stations.
22. Extraction and utilization of Lignite Bed Methane.
23. Method of Marcasite segregation from RCM Lignite.
A 14 member Chinese delegation led by Mr. Hou Shenjian, Vice President of China National Administration of Coal Geology visited Ministry of Coal on
27th October, 2005. Secretary (Coal) met the delegation and briefly interacted with members, followed by formal presentation on coal sector in by Shri S. Chaudhury, Chairman-cum-Managing Director, CMPDIL. After presentation covering areas like coal exploration, demand and supply, emerging importance of coal as primary fuel source etc. both sides interacted and exchanged information relating to coal production, technology, prospecting, exploration etc. Useful information was exchanged in general and inputs obtained would be useful in future interaction/exchange. First Secretary Mr. Cao Jianru of Chinese Embassy was also present during the visit of the delegation to the Ministry. India
The 10th meeting of the Indo-China Joint Working Group on Coal was held during 10th – 11th November 2005 in
, PR China. Indian delegation was led by Shri P.C. Parakh, Secretary (Coal) and Chinese delegation was led by Mr. Zhao Tiechui, Administrator of State of Administration of Work Safety (SWAS) State Administration of Coal Mines Safety (SACCS), PR China. The following areas were discussed in the meeting. Shanghai
1. Exchange of coal mining technology, equipments and coal mine safety.
2. Cooperation in Coal Bed Methane, Underground Coal gasification and Coal liquefaction.
3. Cooperation in capacity building.
4. Promotion of investment opportunities.
5. Retraining and rehabilitation of mining workers.
The 8th Task Force meeting of Sino-India Joint Working Group on Coal was also held on 11.11.05 in
, PR China. Shri K.S. Kropha, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Coal led the team. Shanghai
Indo-US Coal Advisory Group (CAG) was constituted vide letter no. 14020/1/99-CPD dated 21st June, 2001.
The first meeting of this Indo-US CAG was held at Kolkata between April 2nd to 5th, 2002 where it was, interalia, decided that potential specific sites and other relevant background information could be provided by the Indian side for computing software for mine planning and operation management, a proposal on mine waste/reject utilisation could also be considered, along with support on a joint US-India demonstration project on selective mining and improved coal sampling processes as per standard US experiences.
meeting of the Indo-US CAG was held at
coal utilisation where a preliminary feasibility report for a specific
project dealing with mine waste and/or washery
rejects would be prepared by the Indian side, with
planning and operation management where the
involving multi agency initiative to obtain support for implementing a
selective mining demonstration project in
an MOU was also signed between the Ministry of Coal and the Department of
Energy of the
Coal Science with emphasis on projection, combustion, coal structure and related chemical and thermo physical properties.
Process modelling for advanced fossil related technology.
Impact on boilers by the use of variable ash content control including high ash content.
Coal cleaning, grinding and preparation for utilisation.
Status of fuel combustion projects including cleanup and environmental effects.
Dialogue on these issues is continuing.
COOPERATION WITH A Working
Group was constituted on 3rd March, 2003
Chaired by the Secretary,
Ministry of Coal, Govt. of India with
Director General (Coal & Mines) Republic of South Africa as
following areas were identified for co operation by the visiting Mechanisation
in Bord and Pillar System of Mining. Beneficiation
of Coal Technology
for conversion from coal to oil. Govt. of Ministry of Coal and Chairman, Coal India Limited visited Belarus in the month of Jun, 2011 and requested them to participate in the tenders for supply of HEMM as and when invited by CIL. A note covering the current status of cooperation in coal sector between India and Belarus and proposed suggestions for further cooperation in coal sector likely to be discussed in 5th Session of India-Belarus Inter-Government Commission for Economic, Trade, Industrial Scientific, Technological & Cultural Cooperation is under consideration. The India-EU Energy Panel was constituted
as a follow up of a decision taken at the 5th India-EU Summit held
in Hague in November 2004. The First
Meeting of India-EU Energy Panel was held in Coal and clean coal conversion technologies Energy efficiency and renewable energies Fusion energy including International Thermo nuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)
project. As a follow up of the decisions made by the
Panel, the Working Group on Coal and Clean technologies met on 22nd
March 2006 in i)
Capacity creation in resource assessment of CBM/CMM/AMM ii)
In-situ coal gasification iii)
Coal beneficiation for coking and thermal coals for iv)
Development of mining methods for steep and thick seam working It was agreed that the representation in
the Working Group should be enlarged to include more holders from both sides
and it was clear that industry to industry co-operation would have to form an
integral part of future activities. It
was agreed that the next meeting would be arranged for later this year at a
mutually agreeable time. An MOU has been signed between MoC, NEDO and Monnet Ispat & Energy Limited, India in this regard and the project is under implementation.
A Working Group was constituted on 3rd March, 2003 Chaired by the Secretary, Ministry of Coal, Govt. of India with Director General (Coal & Mines) Republic of South Africa as Co-Chairman.
following areas were identified for co operation by the visiting
Mechanisation in Bord and Pillar System of Mining.
Beneficiation of Coal
Technology for conversion from coal to oil.
Ministry of Coal and Chairman, Coal India Limited visited Belarus in the month of Jun, 2011 and requested them to participate in the tenders for supply of HEMM as and when invited by CIL.
A note covering the current status of cooperation in coal sector between India and Belarus and proposed suggestions for further cooperation in coal sector likely to be discussed in 5th Session of India-Belarus Inter-Government Commission for Economic, Trade, Industrial Scientific, Technological & Cultural Cooperation is under consideration.
The India-EU Energy Panel was constituted
as a follow up of a decision taken at the 5th India-EU Summit held
in Hague in November 2004. The First
Meeting of India-EU Energy Panel was held in
Coal and clean coal conversion technologies
Energy efficiency and renewable energies
Fusion energy including
International Thermo nuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project.
As a follow up of the decisions made by the
Panel, the Working Group on Coal and Clean technologies met on 22nd
March 2006 in
i) Capacity creation in resource assessment of CBM/CMM/AMM
ii) In-situ coal gasification
iii) Coal beneficiation for coking and thermal coals for
iv) Development of mining methods for steep and thick seam working
It was agreed that the representation in the Working Group should be enlarged to include more holders from both sides and it was clear that industry to industry co-operation would have to form an integral part of future activities. It was agreed that the next meeting would be arranged for later this year at a mutually agreeable time.
An MOU has been signed between MoC, NEDO and Monnet Ispat & Energy Limited, India in this regard and the project is under implementation.