EXPORT OF COAL       

Coal is under Open General Licence (OGL) list. India exports coal to the neighbouring countries to meet their demand of coal.  The traditional buyers of Indian coal are Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan.  Export to Nepal and Bhutan is done in rupee exchange as per the protocol between the two countries and with Bangladesh it is done in US Dollar.  Export of coal to the neighbouring countries was earlier canalised through the Mineral and Metal trading Corporation, but for the last few years it has been decanalised. Export of coal by CIL is made through tender route The quantum of coal exported by CIL during 2002-03 to the neighbouring countries was 12,650 tonnes. During 2003-2004 the quantity of coal exported by CIL was 35,831 tonnes (Provisional).

IMPORT OF COAL

As per the present  Import policy, coal can be freely imported (under Open General Licence) by the consumers themselves considering  their needs and exercising  their own commercial judgments.

Coking coal  is being  imported by Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) and other  Steel sector manufacturing  mainly to bridge the gap between the requirement and indigenous  availability and to improve the quality of overall blend for technological reasons. Coal based  power plants, cement plants, captive power plants, sponge iron plants, industrial consumers and coal traders are importing non-coking coal on consideration of transport logistic and commercial prudence as well as against export entitlements. Coke is imported mainly by Pig-Iron manufacturers  and Iron & Steel sector consumers using mini-blast furnace.

Details  of import of coal and products during the last five  years(as reported by Coal Controller’s Organization) as under:

(in million tonnes)

Coal

1999-00

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04*

 

Coking Coal

10.99

11.06

11.11

12.95

12.00

Non-coking Coal

8.71

9.87

9.44

10.31

9.50

Coke

2.41

2.42

2.28

2.25

2.00

Total Import

22.11

23.35

22.83

25.51

23.50

* Provisional and estimated.

 

The current duty( during 2003-04) on imported coal  as amended  on 28.2.2004  is as under:-

 

Type of coal 

Import Duty

 

 

Coking Coal

Having  upto 12% ash

0%

Having  ash 12% and more

15%

Coke

5%

Non-Coking Coal

5%

 

Note:  With effect from 9.1.2004  the Central Government has withdrawn  the Special Additional Duty.

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